Top 10 Vulnerabilities Faced by Android Apps

Mobile applications are crucial in today’s business environment. Apart from being a source for revenue generation, they help build a vital relationship between companies and their customers.

However, in terms of mobile app security, the figures are distressing:

  • About 75% of apps would fail even a rudimentary security assessment.
  • More than 80% of apps have at least one security shortcoming.
  • Mobile security vulnerabilities have been discovered in more than 90% of ioS and Android apps

Being the popular and much-admired mobile operating system, Android-based apps are always at risk for security threats.  Hackers constantly try to break in and get access to the sensitive information of the users, for their vested interests.

Android application vulnerabilities have been a hitch due to the Google Play’s open format, and also due to the side loading of apps by the users, taking away any supervision in terms of the safety of apps.

Expert testing of iphone app development agency has revealed that in the majority of cases, insecure data storage has been the most common security flaw.

Nowadays mobile phone operating systems employ convoluted security processes.  By default, an installed app can only access files in its own allotted sandbox folders, and user rights do not permit files to be altered from the system.  However, mistakes made while developing and writing code for mobile apps can create security susceptibilities and hackers can exploit those.

Following are the most common security vulnerabilities faced by Android apps:

Android Fragmentation Risks –

In layman’s terms, Android Fragmentation indicates the fact that a huge number of various Android OS versions exist and are operational in the digital world.

Not all the Android users will be able to update their particular OS at the same time.  Also, every app that is deployed in the Android market should be able to run on majority of the OS versions so as to not isolate any users.  Considering the variability of Android versions in existence, one can very easily figure out why Android fragmentation is contemplated as the main weakness of the OS.  According to a report, about 40% of Android users around the world are no longer receiving crucial security updates from Google, which makes them vulnerable to risks of malware attacks, data theft, and a range of security breaches.  This apparently adds stress on the developers as they have to create apps for OSes with unpredictable security.

Pervasive fragmentation in Android has varied and extensive effects on the digital market along with both hardware and software development practices.

Android App Permissions –

Android apps can request extensive permissions which, if granted to a malicious app, can undermine the device, its resources and the data stored on it.

To avoid privacy and security issues, by default, the Android operating system grants minimal privileges to apps.  The apps then need to explicitly request additional permissions from the end-user, to perform privileged tasks, such as making phone calls, sending/reading SMS, accessing the GPS position, etc. Therefore, to avoid suspicion, malicious apps usually request very few (or no) privileges.  However, Android apps can synchronize and delegate tasks amongst each other, through inter-process communication (IPC) messages. The likelihood to request an action from a malicious app, poses a threat of permission re-delegation vulnerabilities.

Customizing the OS –

Although this may sound a bit odd, customization of the operating system is a major security threat faced by Android applications. In order to achieve more functionality, it is very common for users to customize their operating system. However, few users have the propensity to alter the OS by assimilating launchers and customization layers which in turn creates gaps in the security measures.

Downloading Apps from Unauthorized Sources –

Given the open-source nature of Android, building an Android app is a free affair. Due to this Android applications are not just limited to the Google Play Store, they are available on a variety of stores – even the unauthorized ones. It is therefore quite easy for someone to build malicious apps and upload them online.Also, it is important to note that time and again users lapse into unauthorized sites to download apps in order to avoid paying for an app they want. They then unintentionally download malicious apps which would attack their device and sneak into their data.

Lack of Binary Protection –

This is another serious mobile app vulnerability that can unmask the users’ sensitive data to hackers. Utilizing reverse engineering, attackers can get their hands on such sensitive information like business logic, passwords, API keys, etc.  A hacker, by using automated tools, can reverse engineer an app and transform it to execute malicious actions.

Improper Encryption/Insufficient Cryptography –

The two conditions in which a system’s cryptography may get infringed to reveal sensitive data are:

  • Weak underlying algorithm that is used for encryption and decryption.
  • Flaws in the implementation of the cryptographic process.

There are several factors that can result in broken cryptography in mobile apps, such as:

  • Circumventing in-built code encryption algorithms.
  • Improper management of digital keys.
  • Usage of custom or denigrated encryption protocols.

Inadequate cryptographic controls can result in the unauthorized accessing of sensitive data (for instance personal information of the user) from the device.

Improper Session Handling –

In order to make the mobile app user-friendly and easier to use, very often mobile developers allow non-expiring or long user sessions.  Cutting the log-in time reduces the friction for the users.  Also, this helps to moderate the time to purchase and checkout which in turn helps the company to generate more revenue.

For session management, mobile apps utilize OAUTH tokens, SSO services, and cookies.  In order to warrant proper session handling, the mobile app should authenticate the user via the backend and then issue a session cookie to the app.

Improper session handling happens when a hacker could gain access to a session token at any point in a transaction between the mobile application and the backend servers.  An attacker having gained access to the session tokens can imitate a valid user and perform sensitive transactions. In critical cases, a hacker might masquerade as an administrative user and gain access to higher privileges, which could lead to dangerous outcomes.

Obsolete Tools to Test Mobile Applications –

Many developers are still using testing tools for android applications that are only compatible with antiquated Angular 8.0.

JavaScript-Binding-Over-HTTP (JBOH) and JavaScript Binding Annotation –

Network attackers can manipulate the network by taking over HTTL traffic through JavaScript binding (add Javascript Interface) and loading Web view content over HTTP.  Hackers frequently make posts on the user’s social network from the device without needing any special Android permissions in the host app via HTTP or DNS hijacking.

Read more – Apps to Install and Avoid on Your Smartphones

Lack of Multifactor Authentication –

A mobile app is exposed to attack by hackers in absence of proper user authentication.App developers/administrators would install the anti-virus, build a firewall, deploy encryption and carry out periodical vulnerability tests; however, all these efforts will be in vain in the absence of multifactor authentication.

Multifactor authentication is the process of employing an additional layer of security authentication in the form of a confirmation code sent through SMS or answer to a personal question used for authentication.  Multifactor authentication is crucial to ensure that the account is only accessible to the user who owns it and not to anyone else.

It is perspicuous to recognize that despite considerations, some security challenges carry a greater chance to be missed. Therefore, it necessitates app development teams to espouse a secure Android development process.

In the web development realm, Mtoag is the best service provider for drupal module development and leaves extreme marks across the globe

4 Worst Defect Reporting Habits and How Testers Should Avoid them

Defects are serious and often small errors/mistakes can be expensive for a business. Anyone involved in the software development process knows what to do when they find a defect. They need to report it, either in a defect tracking tool or a defect tracker. The principles for using the defect tracker are the same. It is obvious that defect trackers do not guarantee 100% defect-free software yet by implementing the best practices, this is certainly possible to improve your software quality. In order to appreciate the good, it is necessary to recognize what is not. We know for sure that it is impossible for a QA manager to achieve a 100% bug-free application. However, it is at the discretion of the QA manager to lead things the way he wants to. He can recheck and decide if the defect is valid/complete or not, and it is solely his decision.

1.Some Developers have a Lazy Attitude

Some clients also have an SLA (service level agreement) for the number of acceptable and invalid defects. Once this number exceeds the limits, they can penalize the contractors for each invalid defect reported. Thus, defect tracking should not be considered a simple and easy process. Defect tracking should be done with due diligence.

Resolution: It is important to take responsibility for your deliverable. Sometimes a defect may come back due to lack of information, or simply because it may not be a bug. It may not always be a developer’s fault and it is not that they may not want to own the problems in the app. It could definitely be confusion or a mistake on another team’s part. So it is important to take defects seriously, and leave no room for confusion by actively participating in the defect reporting process.

2.Recording Bugs in Haste

During the testing phases of a product development lifecycle, there are different stages where defects can appear. Sometimes, developers fail to understand the severity of an issue or bug and report them in a haste. Often, a bug may not be affecting the quality or performance of an app but it may have an effect on the user experience. It is important to make your decision wisely.

Resolution: Anyone reporting a bug should not be in rush. Make sure that they completely understand the impact of the issue from different angles. This is how testers can add value to the software quality assurance process by using defect tracking tools. It is not just performed to ensure that it is not working, it is important to address the concerns as to what will happen if this continues to not work. There is a huge difference between the two situations, and both should be considered proactively.

3.Creative Suggestions and Feedback

Testers have a great opportunity to provide their feedback and suggestions on how to improve a software app. In a defect tracking tool, a tester can also submit a response to provide suggestions to enhance the features. This is where a tester can get creative and think out of the box to improve the user experience.

Resolution: if a tester thinks that a certain feature is missing a factor and knows how to add something extra to that feature, he should share his idea. The only worst thing that could happen is it could get rejected. But the main thing here to be creative and keep trying. Make sure testers use this skill cautiously. They should never make negative comments. Instead of making direct comments, alternative ways should be used to define the suggestions.

4.Working on your own all the time

Another mistake that a developer makes is that he tries to work on a piece of code all by himself. He never seeks help or assistance from other team members, so much so that he ends wasting his own time. Sometimes, he assumes that he is building a product the right way but you may not be doing so.

Resolution: It is important to involve other team members in your defect tracking process their work can improve when you discuss ideas with them and also help in mentoring less experienced members in a team, who are most likely to get stuck in the defect tracking process.

All the above defect reporting habits should be avoided so that QA and development teams can make the most of their software testing efforts. They should also use their defect tracking tools diligently to achieve the expected results.

6 Must-Have Plugins For Your WordPress Website In 2021

The WordPress plugin directory has over 58,000 versatile plugins that can transform a simple website into an absolute pro. Plugins are like fixins to your meals, you can never have too much, and you always enjoy the variety.

But why do you need plugins?

The reason is simple – when you create your WordPress website, you basically have the same version as everyone else. You wield power to change the face and functionality of your WordPress website with these plugins. So, in simple terms, you can buff out a unique website with great creativity from a generic website with the help of plugins.

But, out of the 58,000+ plugins, which ones are the best for your website? Which plugins are must-haves? Which should you choose only under given circumstances?  Should you choose custom WordPress plugin development?

Through this blog, we’ll attempt to answer such questions!

1) Contact Form 7

Once your website is live and ready to be crawled, your first step is to add a contact form where your potential customers can inquire about your products or services.

For this purpose, Contact Form 7 is your perfect partner. Of course, there are multiple alternatives, but Contact Form 7 has many variations that you can integrate into your website.

Contact Form 7 variations can include User Registration, Tracking GeoLocation, Generating PDF, Accepting Stripe Payments, Accepting QPay payments, or Accepting PayPal payments, identifying Abandoned Contact Form 7, and many others.

Content Form 7 supports extensive customization with a simple markup and supports AJAX-powered submission, CAPTCHA, and more features. In addition, if you’re looking for a customized Contact Form 7, you can consider WordPress Plugin Development.

2) Yoast SEO

Without Yoast SEO, your website may not find its position on the SERPs. Its vivid features such as automated Canonical Tags, Meta tags, advanced XML sitemaps, full control over site breadcrumbs, faster loading times, and more can boost your website’s position on the SERPs with the right approach and effort.

Needless to say, your website is empty without a wholesome SEO strategy. And to create a killer strategy, you first need to download the Yoast SEO plugin. The fact that it is crawler-friendly is assuring that your website is aligned with a useful plugin.

For people waiting for the “icing on the cake” moment, Yoast SEO is multilingual, shows a google preview, creates an innovative schema block, and conducts a thorough SEO analysis. Now, all of this comes to your free of cost, but you can always buy the premium version if you want additional features.

3) Akismet

Think of this as your guardian angel warding off evil from your website. Akismet checks each comment and contact form submission on your website against its global spam database. Such a constant check allows you to rest assured that your website is safeguarded against any spam.

Another great thing about this plugin is that it analyzes every comment to remove spam comments and even spam URLs. Also, you get a list of all the comments that have been removed, and you can block a user permanently based on their history.

Akismet is free for personal blogs, all you’ve got to do is request an API key to use it. For a commercial and business website, it comes at a price.

4) WooCommerce

eCommerce is the future of retail sales, and given the pandemic situation, it is also essential that businesses pay attention to their eStores.

WooCommerce is a great WordPress plugin that converts your website to an eStore with exceptional features. Its Setup wizard helps you set up your store from themes to creating products and getting the website live.

With a variety of payment gateways to choose from, WooCommerce ensures safety and security. In fact, you can integrate Contact Form 7 with PayPal, SagePay, QPay, Stripe, or any other gateway effortlessly.

WooCommerce offers diverse shipping configuration options to its merchants enabling customization and personalization.

5) LearnDash

Given that the education system has gone digital, catering to sustainable use of stationary and leveraging the digital arena, Learning Management Systems are a great addition.

LearnDash is a plugin for your website that can transform your WordPress website to an LMS and get your online classes going.

Its robust features are user rewards upon completing a course, timers to keep tests time-bound, monetization options for memberships, and payment supports.

6) MonsterInsights

Once you’ve integrated Yoast SEO, you must integrate this plugin to keep track of your Google analytics. This plugin has over 2 million active installs when it comes to analyzing Google analytics reports.

MosterInsights allows you to make data-driven decisions about your website and never miss out on any popular trends.

What’s great about this plugin is that you can integrate it in no time, even without having to hire a WordPress plugin developer.

Wrapping Up

2021 is the year of trying new and coming things. Through this blog, we have tried to list essential plugins for the year that serve various purposes. While there are a plethora more, these are my favorite when it comes to setting up a website.

In case you’re still confused about these plugins, you can always hire a developer for customized WordPress plugin development just for you.

For any further queries, feel free to get in touch with our consultants to find out more about these plugins and how they can grow your business by giving you an advanced website.

5 Compelling Reasons Why .TECH Domain Is Optimal For Tech Startup


Business success is largely built on the right domain name. A site domain is a virtual representation that you use to develop your business. The domain name of a site is directly related to the methods of communication that are used on the Web.

Fortunately, the development of the Internet has led to the emergence of new top-level domains that allow you to make the right choice of a domain name for your website. Please note that the correct name and zone indicate to the audience the scope of your project: 

  • An online store or retailer can register a .STORE domain.
  • Journalists and publications can choose the .PRESS zone.
  • For UK assignment writing services, you can use .EDU domain.
  • For a personal blog or website, the actual domain name in the .SITE or .COM.
  • Tech startup can create a website in the .TECH domain.

In this article, we’ll discuss five reasons why the .TECH domain zone is optimal for a tech startup.

Why Does Your Startup Need A .Tech Domain? 

1- Forget About Old Domains

The number of domain names on the Internet is continuously increasing. If earlier companies and private clients used a limited number of top-level domains, for example, .com, .org, .net and so on, today there are new domains as .TECH, .STORE, .ONLINE and others. The emergence of new domain zones opens up a world of new opportunities for companies that can choose a short and clear address for their website.

This state of affairs plays into the hands of technology startups that are engaged in the development of the innovative sector of the economy. Having a website that emphasizes the character of the company is important for a brand. 

In other words, if you’re working on building a tech startup, go for an attractive domain name like and ditch the trite options like 

2- Build A Bond With The Technology Community 

The .TECH domain zone combines innovation and new technologies, and will also become an obvious advantage over competitors. Compare two sites: and Even though Viacom is using the first address for the main site, they have registered a .TECH domain for a new technology portal. 

The use of such an address speaks directly to the international technology community as well as to the IT industry. It turns out that a domain in the .TECH will become a vivid confirmation of the chosen sphere and will be able to attract the “right” clients, partners, employees, and investors who plan to invest in the technology sector. As well as attract the attention of journalists who write about startups developing in new technologies. 

3- Don’t Forget About The Technical Factor

Please note that a domain in the .TECH zone increases the attractiveness and recognition of a technology startup on the Web. It turns out that the domain in the .TECH zone underlines the technological nature of the project. 

The founder of the portal, Glyn Cotton, believes that the domain of their company in the .TECH category allowed them to show visitors to their site that they are dedicated to the technologies that underlie their activities. And their work is based on the use of new technologies. 

4- Discover The World Of Organic Search Engine Promotion  

If you use the company name and the correct top-level domain, you will discover the world of organic traffic that will move you to the top positions in search engines. A correctly chosen domain name will give backlinks, the use of which is important in search engine optimization of a site.

For example, if your website is about essay writing, you should use .EDU domain rather than .com. Using new domain zones will allow you to add the correct keywords to the site address. Using backlinks containing the text “break into tech” will improve your site’s search engine rankings.

5- Get Access To The Startup League

What does a beginner project need? The audience! There is often a cost in attracting such attention. Please note that the Startup League is a program open to promising projects registered under one of Radix’s new top-level domains such as .TECH. 

Participation in the program provides access to marketing tools, specialized events, as well as to an audience of users interested in obtaining information about the company. 


By using an innovative domain name, you can give a great push to your website. If your website is about technology, it is better to use .Tech domain instead of .com.

Benefits of Using Web Hosting

Web hosting services are basically a type of cloud hosting service, which enables companies and individuals to have their web site online and accessible through the Internet. Websites can be created by individuals for the sole purpose of advertising, promoting products, and socializing with friends. Some websites are designed as informational portals and allow users to submit their comments and questions on a specific topic. Usually, these companies provide hosting services as well. For a reliable web hosting provider, we recommend checking the services offered by Siteground. To get more knowledge about it, you can check this detailed Siteground review.

What is Webhosting?

The term Webhosting is used to describe any service or product which provides a website server to a customer. This includes the maintenance and installation of the server and the software. The customer will also get the support of the service provider and the support staff in case they run into any trouble or technical problems. The service provider then hosts the website on their own server. They may also share or lease the server with other companies.

Small businesses can use this service to create a simple site that can be updated often. It is more suited to business owners who want to keep their site online without having to pay an expensive monthly bill. This way they can promote their products and services and also generate a large amount of traffic to their site.

Picking Webhosting for Small Businesses

When you pick a web hosting solution for SMB (small-medium business), it’s important to remember that it will host the main entry point, to your business, online. It will be the key for a reliable, fast, and easily updatable online presence be it an eCommerce shop, a blog, a photography collection or just something you created for your friends.

It’s important to have the solution that you pick, to offer a 24x7x256 support, preferably with calls, but live-chat will do the job as well. Also, it’s important to have servers in your geography, for speedy loads on your potential customers. For example, if you in Europe, the hosting should have servers in Europe. The same goes for the States as well.

And the last, but the most important thing, the provider should not have predatory tactics such as a surprising increase in its price, throttling your side speed, lockstep support and so one.

Webhosting for Large Companies

Large companies and enterprises use webhosting services because this is usually an inexpensive way to establish a huge online presence. Webhosting is best for people who want their sites to be accessible to people all over the world. Hosting web sites is also beneficial to organizations that want their site to be connected to the Internet because it enables them to share files, applications, documents, and even employees.

In the last few years, webhosting has become so popular among entrepreneurs who want to start a website. With the help of hosting services, they can create an attractive website that can be accessed by people around the world. There are several advantages of webhosting, which include low monthly fees, unlimited web space, unlimited bandwidth, unlimited number of web pages, and no monthly fee if you own a website for less than 10 web pages.

Final Words

In conclusion, if you are planning to start your own online business, web hosting is a must-have option to consider. You will definitely get to save a lot of money while making your online business popular and more accessible by providing high-quality hosting for your site, which is your online real estate.

Another important point to remember is to avoid any hosting services by the EIG conglomerate, which is known for its site throttling behavior and problematic customer support. If you are not familiar with it, get to know what is EIG and why the hosting services from its brand list, should be skipped.