# The GMAT Exam | Syllabus and Format

Sharing is caring!

If you are preparing for the GMAT, it’s essential that you understand the format of the GMAT exam and the overall structure first. Doing so will make your preparation much easier. So in this article, we are going to acquaint you with the GMAT exam. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of the GMAT format and syllabus. Before we jump to the GMAT format, let’s get an understanding of what topics are covered in the exam. So let’s take a look.

## The GMAT Syllabus

The GMAT covers a wide range of topics ranging from algebra to geometry in maths and several topics of English grammar. We’ve compiled a comprehensive list of the GMAT syllabus 2021 pertaining to the quant and verbal reasoning sections below:

### GMAT Quant Syllabus

The GMAT quant section has 31 questions that you need to answer within 60 minutes. There are two different types of questions asked, they are:

• Data sufficiency
• Word problems

You are expected to know basics concepts of maths. These concepts test your ability to solve complex problems and arrive at the right solution. To successfully ace the GMAT quant section you need to be familiar with the following topics:

• Number Properties
• Algebra
• Geometry
• Coordinate geometry
• Speed, distance and time
• Exponents
• Arithmetic and geometric progression
• Lines and angles
• Set theory
• Probability
• Descriptive statistics
• Monomial and polynomials
• Functions
• Triangles and circles
• Ratio and proportions
• Decimals
• Fractions
• Multiples and factors
• Percentages
• Pipes, cisterns and work time
• Inequalities and basic statistics
• Rectangular solids and cylinders
• Profit and loss
• Power and roots
• Mixtures and allegations
• Permutation and combination
• Algebraic expressions and equations

### GMAT Verbal Reasoning Syllabus

The GMAT verbal reasoning section is designed to test your command of the English language. You are required to answer a total of 36 questions in 60 minutes. The questions on the GMAT verbal reasoning section are of three types:

• Critical reasoning
• Sentence correction

The topics covered under the GMAT verbal reasoning syllabus include:

• Subject-verb agreement
• Modifiers
• Parallelism
• Articles
• Parts of speech
• Direct and indirect
• Active to passive
• Verb tense
• Idioms and idiomatic expressions
• Articles
• Pronoun agreement
• Sentence structuring: Nouns, pronouns and adjectives

Now that you’re aware of the GMAT syllabus 2021, let’s begin to understand the exam’s format.

## GMAT Format

The GMAT exam is a computer-adaptive test and is divided into four sections — analytical writing assessment, integrated reasoning, quantitative reasoning and verbal reasoning. While the integrated reasoning, quantitative reasoning and verbal reasoning sections have multiple-choice questions that you need to answer, the AWA section, on the other hand, is an analytical essay type of question that needs to be written within 30 minutes. Understanding this GMAT format is essential for your preparation and ultimately answering the actual exam. Besides, you can take the exam in whichever order you want. Here’s what you can choose from.

• Verbal first – Verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, integrated reasoning and analytical writing assessment
• Quant first – Quantitative reasoning, verbal reasoning, integrated reasoning and analytical writing assessment

Now that you’re aware of the GMAT syllabus 2021 and the GMAT format, you’re better positioned to prepare and strategize for your test.